Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):
1. What positioning methods are available?
Basically there are three positioning methods for mobile objects:
- Location via GSM (Cell location, mobile network tracking)
- Satellite positioning (GPS, Galileo, GLONASS)
- Near-field tracking (WLAN, Bluetooth, Radio)
Security applications are often combined with GPS(satellite) tracking, optionally with GSM (cellular tracking) as fallback system. However this is just possible, if the mobile terminal is located in its own home network, e.g. T-Mobile Germany.
There is an important difference between GSM and GPS positioning regarding the accuracy of the determined positions.
2. How does GPS tracking work?
The satellite-based tracking requires reception of at least 3 satellites (2D-Fix) or >4 satellites (3D-Fix), to determine the position through measuring the signal propagation delay. At this time, this is possible with an accuracy of up to 5 meters, the value can vary depending on signal quality. In case of crises, the usage of the system can be restrained by the United States. When the european satellite system GALILEO is available, the provided accuracy of localisation will increase and the positioning can be offered as guaranteed service.
On GPS tracking, the detection of the position takes place inside the device, so the data has to be transferred to the switch. In rare cases of tracking (typ. 1-2/day) SMS based transmission is recommended, because of its simplicity and reliability even in international environment. If tracking is more often required, data transmission is recommended via GPRS, as there are more favourable tariffs for higher amounts of data available.
3. How does GSM cellular tracking work (phone location)?
The accuracy of pure cellular tracking using GSM depends on the providers size of the radio cells. As a rule of thumb says that the radio cells are close-meshed and geographically smaller in urban centres than in sparsely populated areas. The smaller a cell, the better the accuracy of positioning. Values up to 50 meters can be obtained.
The GSM cellular positioning usually happens inside the network itself. The device registers into a GSM cell. The network can pass this information, together with geographical data, to an external tracking service. Basically, the accuracy of positioning can be increased by making use of various triangulation methods between different radio cells. However, these methods are relatively complex and consume a lot of network capacity, so they are deployed in only a few countries.
4. How does near field tracking work (WLAN, Bluetooth, bearing)?
There are to different methods of near field tracking: in the first one, the device tries to detect a known signal, e.g. a WLAN access point or a bluetooth transmitter. Is the transmitter and its position known, the devices position can be determined through spatial proximity.
The second method analyses several transmitters with triangulation techniques to increase accuracy. In case of tracking devices it's usually a matter of a mobile transmitter and the tracking receiver follow it.
5. What's better: GPS or GSM?
The decision for a variety of usage depends on operational demand. Is it required to have exact information about the destination of an objekt, e.g. the precise arrival localisation to avoid contractual penalties, a GPS tracking is recommendable. For trip monitoring, GSM tracking is sufficient.
Besides the requirement of accuracy, the technical aspect of the tracking itself becomes important. A satellite-based locating in enclosed buildings like warehouses or urban canyons is often limited or even impossible. The view of the sky is blocked. The combination of GPS and GSM locationg can provide a remedy here.
The combination of GPS satellite as well as GSM radio cell locating is also possible. Usually reasons of costs, energy and security are crucial here.
The displayed usage options incluence on energy consumption and costs of communication.
The positioning platform ubinam Tracking Live is usable for all listed varieties.
6. What does the platform "ubinam Tracking Live" provide?
ubinam Tracking Live is a web-based application, which provides the opportunity of locating your ressources. You can have displayed the position of an object (e.g. a container, a vehicle, an object of value, a person) or a group of objects, vehicles in this case, on an online map, as well as using its motion as basis for further processes.
The "object" has to be equipped with a mobile device, which holds a SIM card. The SIM card has a MSISDN (= phone number of the SIM card) available. It's possible to use SIM cards of all four network providers in Germany. The tracking abroad is also possible with connection to a foreign network provider and its SIM card.
If German SIM cards are used to transmit GPS data in other countries, roaming fees accrue. To avoid high communication costs, an intelligent control of the tracking device is recommended.
7. Which functions on Tracking Live can be used besides tracking?
The application allows to configure the devices, request the status and to handle alarms.
You can be notified by e-mail or voice mail.
It's possible to poll and to control the application via a SMS interface. Thus alarms about predefined events could be sent as SMS or e-mail.
The maintenance of ojects, users, their rights and user hierarchy happens by an administration menu. The configuration includes the setting and/or changing of tracking intervals as well as the maintenance of configurable parameters like setting of alarm events. Only registered users can access the application.
Additional features are reserved to system administrators like the analysis of relevant billing data plus system monitoring. A wide reporting tool is available, which you can use to analyse the tracking history of users and located object for various parameters.
8. Is it possible to access Tracking Live from the intranet of my company?
9. Is this save?
Application access always happens through https and after successful login.
Our data centre, where your data is safely resided (e.g. history view of single objects), is proved and certified by the German federal authority for information security.
10. What are the system requirements?
- Operating system: Windows 10, 8.1, 8, 7, Vista, XP, Mac OS, or any GNU/Linux based operating syste
- high-speed Internet access (1 Mbit/s or higher is recommended)
- Recommended browsers: Microsoft IE V9 or higher, Mozilla Firefox V2 or higher, Safari, Chrome, Opera
In which mobile networks is GSM tracking available (phone location)?
ubinam is one of few suppliers, who have access to the network information of all mobile network providers (T-Mobile, Vodafone, O2).
Furthermore GSM cellular positioning is also possible at most discount brands (e.g. Bildmobil, blau.de, base, simyo, congstar, …)
12. Which tracking device is the right one for me?
Basically it possible to track every mobile device, which is equipped with a SIM card.
Choosing the right device depends on the use case in the first place.
Should the position be determined by GPS or is GSM cell location sufficient?
Is power supply available or does the device need powerful batteries?
Has the device to be as small as possible or is the size irrelevant
To support you on decision-making, we chose a reliable device for every use case - you can find these guidance notes under industries .
Please don't hesitate to contact us directly for further information. - contact ubinam
13. Which tracking devices can be tracked by "Tracking Live"?
ubinam provides a manufacturer spanning platform with "Tracking Live"
This means that you have plenty of scope on choosing the positioning device - at most competitors you have no choice and are bound to their hardware.
Let yourself be consulted.
14. What is GPRS?
GPRS is a term of radio technology and stands for General Packet Radio Service.It concerns a technology for optimised data transmission in cellular networks.
The greatest advantage of GPRS is the drastic mobile cost reduction on tracking solutions compared to SMS transmission. With special "data SIM cards" it's possible to locate an object every minute for just e few Euro per month.